After the excavation resumed in 2001, the research was a slow, dig-and-publish process, albeit a very quality-focused one. But in 2010, the research team at Sultana developed a complex experimental archaeology program with the purpose of recreating Boian and Gumelnița structures, objects and ultimately, getting a glimpse of how these prehistoric people lived and measure their impact on the surrounding world.
Brand new in the Romanian archaeology at that time, this was a proof of a rapidly evolving mindset on its way to synchronize with the Western scientific world. The experimental archaeology program debuted in full force and has managed to evolve continuously whilst maintaining the pace. Over time, it included building of dwellings, pottery ovens and other utilitarian structures and objects and processing of the entire range of raw materials. For the team to achieve results as close as possible to the originals recovered, all methods and techniques are thoroughly tested, and all operations are constantly measured and recorded. The experimental program helped the research with a great amount of evidence obtained through verifying hypotheses which in turn allowed us to better visualize the daily life of these prehistoric groups.
Currently, the program focuses on:
- Supervising a reenacted building abandonment;
- Reconstruction of the building stages and use of various archaeologically attested pottery firing installations;
- Production and use of pottery and other ceramic artifacts;
- Manufacture and decoration of flint, bone and antler tools;
- Exploitation and usage of local resource areas;
- Identification of invisible elements regarding the organizational aspects that all of these processes imply, such as: practicality in managing labor, time and effort; difficulties and/or problems that could’ve been encountered during certain operational sequences; what would’ve been the best solutions for overcoming these obstacles.